STAINLESS STEEL

Stainless steels are iron alloys with a minimum of 10.5% chromium. Other alloying elements are added to enhance their structure and properties such as formability, strength and cryogenic toughness.

301

Excellent corrosion resistance, high strength, non-magnetic.

301 is a non-magnetic stainless steel. It is known for its excellent corrosion resistance and high strength. The 301 also has the ability to be modified along with its properties. Due to its versatility, the 301 can be used for a variety of end applications.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AISI 301, ASTM A167, ASTM A177, ASTM A554, ASTM A666, DIN 1.4310, MIL-S-5059, UNS S30100 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Aircraft structural parts, trailer bodies, utensils, automotive trim, wheel covers, roof drainage products, conveyor belts, subway cars, appliances Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

302

Extremely tough, high ductility, high corrosion resistance, non-magnetic, hardeneable by heat treating

302 is a chromium-nickel stainless steel alloy. It is a slightly higher carbon version of the 304. It is generally used in annealed condition, and known for being easily fabricated. Like the 304, it is easily formed into various shapes.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
UNS S30200, AMS 5516, ASTM A666, ASTM A240 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Stamping, wire forming, blenders, dishwashers, springs, screens, cables, sanitary applications Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

303

Resistant to mildly corrosive atmospheres, good resistance to oxidation up to 1700°F, excellent machinability

303 is a chromium-nickel stainless steel. It represents great machinability and can be used in a variety of different applications. Stainless Steel 303 is non-hardeneable by heat treatment

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5640, ASTM A 262, ASTM A 314, ASTM A 484, ASTM A582, UNS S30300, Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Nuts, gears, shafts, bushings, electrical switchgear components Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

304

High strength, excellent corrosion resistance, excellent formability, non-magnetic, low conductivity

304 is one of the most common of the stainless steels. It contains chromium and nickel as the main alloying elements. The 304 can be found in many different end applications, mainly because it can be easily formed into various shapes.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5513, ASTM A240, ASTM A666 Medical, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Bone fixation, orthopedic implants, chemical industry process equipment, kitchen equipment, , appliances, screws, coil material Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

316

Excellent corrosion resistance, good high temperature strength, non-magnetic, easy formability

316 is one of the most common austenitic stainless steels. 316 contains a controlled amount of chromium, nickel, and molybdenum, which helps increase corrosion resistance. The high corrosion resistance makes the 316 a widely used steel in marine applications.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5524, ASTM A240 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense, Pharmaceutical equipment, valve trim, digesters, tanks, evaporators, furnace parts, vessel parts Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

347

Excellent corrosion resistance, good mechanical properties

347 is a chromium-nickel stainless steel that is stabilized by columbium and tantalum. It has a slightly better corrosion resistance than the 321. 347 is desired in situations that involve strongly oxidizing environments.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5512, AMS 5646, ASTM A269, ASTM A276, ASTM A193 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Oil refineries, hanger rods, fired heater tubes, rocket engine parts, aircraft collector rings, chemical production equipment Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

410

Good corrosion resistance, high strength, high hardness, average cold working properties, limited weldability

410 is a general-purpose stainless steel. It is usually used for applications where mild corrosion, heat resistance, and high strength are expected to be encountered. 410 is an air hardening steel containing 12% chromium. It is heat resistant and has mechanical properties similar to the 4130.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5611, AMS 5612, AMS 5613, ASTM A182, ASTM A276, ASTM A479 Aerospace, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Bolts, screws, nuts, petroleum fractioning structures, shafts, gas turbines, mine ladder rungs Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

416

Good corrosion resistance, high strength, high hardness, great wear resistance, good oxidation resistance, excellent machinability

416 is a martensitic chromium steel. It is one of the most common alloys to be heat treated. It can achieve the highest strength, hardness, and wear among all stainless steels.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
UNS S41600, ASTM A314, ASTM A484, ASTM A582, ASTM A895, QQ-S-764B Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Gears, pumps, valves, cutlery, utensils, steam and gas turbine blades, electrical motors Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

15-5

Precipitation hardening, high strength, moderate corrosion resistance

15-5 is a variant of the 17-4 stainless steel. It exhibits greater toughness and strength than the 17-4, which can be maintained up to 600°F.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5659, AMS 5862, ASME SA 564, ASME SA 693, ASME SA 705, ASTM A 564, ASTM A 693, ASTM A 698, ASTM A 705, ASTM-A564, BMS 7-240, UNS S15500 Aerospace, Energy, Medical, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Marine gas turbine compressor sections, hallow shafts, engine parts, paper mill equipment, aircraft components, gears, nuclear reactor components Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

17-4

High tensile strength and hardness up to 600°F, excellent oxidation resistance, corrosion resistant, good creep rupture strength

An age-hardening martensitic stainless steel. The 17-4 is a cost effective replacement for high strength carbon steels. It is also weldable relative to other conventional martensitic stainless steels.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5604, AMS 5643, AMS 5825, ASME SA564, ASME SA693, ASME SA705, ASTM A564, ASTM A 693, ASTM A705, ASTM F899 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Medical instrumentation, nuclear components, food processing equipment, fasteners, aerospace applications Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

17-7

High strength, excellent fatigue properties, good formability, good corrosion resistance

17-7 is a precipitation hardened stainless steel alloy that possesses a combination of characteristics desirable for applications requiring high strength and corrosion resistance. The 17-7 contains chromium, nickel, and aluminum as its main alloying components.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5528, MIL-S-2503, ASTM A693, ASME SA693 Aerospace, Medical, Automotive & Transportation, Energy, Industrial , Defense Spring, washers, power boilers, chemical processing equipment, heat exchangers, oil and petroleum refining equipment, food processing equipment Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

13-8Mo

Excellent strength, high hardness, improved toughness, good corrosion resistance

13-8Mo is a precipitation hardening stainless steel that is melted as VIM and VAR. The addition of Molybdenum improves the pitting resistance of the 13-8 relative to the 15-5 and 17-4.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5629, AMS 5864, ASTM A564, ASME SA564, ASTM A705, ASTM F899 Aerospace, Medical, Automotive & Transportation, Energy, Industrial, Defense Medical instrumentation, aircraft components, injection molding equipment, petrochemical and nuclear plant equipment Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

Nitronic 50 (22-13-5)

High strength, high corrosion resistance, good mechanical properties at high and low temperatures, outstanding cryogenic properties

Nitronic 50 is a nitrogen-strengthened stainless steel that provides a combination of corrosion resistance and strength unmatched by other commercial metals at this price. Its corrosion resistance is superior to that of the 316 and 317. Moreover, the Nitronic 50 maintains its low magnetism when cold worked.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
ASTM A193, ASTM A194, ASTM A276, ASTM A479, AMS 5764, AMS 5861, ASTM A240, ASTM A182, ASTM Medical, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Chemical pumps, pressure vessel tanks, piping, fittings, oil field equipment, gate valves, seawater pumps Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

Nitronic 60

Excellent wear resistance, excellent galling resistance

Nitronic 60 is a nitrogen-strengthened stainless steel known for its excellent galling resistance at high temperatures. Its main alloying elements are silicon and manganese, which help prevent wear, galling, and fretting. In terms of oxidation it is similar to the 309 grade, and in corrosion it lies between the 304 and the 316 grades.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5848, ASME SA 193, ASME SA 479, ASTM A 193, ASTM A 193, ASTM A 276, ASTM A 479, UNS S21800 Medical, Automotive & Transportation, Industrial, Defense Fasteners, pins, bushings, pump components, roller bearings, wear rails, automotive valves, marine shafts, roller prosthetics Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

316LVM

Great corrosion resistance, great cleanliness, non-magnetic, high surface finish, high fatigue strength

316 LVM is a low carbon, high nickel and molybdenum version of the 316 grade. It is known as a surgical steel that is ESR or VAR.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
ASTM F138 Medical Permanent implants, suture wire, orthopedic cables, catheters, bone pins, machines parts, screws, surgical equipment Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

Custom 455

High yield strength, good ductility, good toughness, good corrosion resistance, ease of fabrication, ease of heat treatment

Custom 455 is a martensitic age-hardeneable stainless steel. It offers higher strength and hardness than the Custom 450 steel. It can be heat treated easily. Also, it resists staining in normal atmospheres and is not corroded in fresh water.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5617, ASTM A564, ASTM F899, UNS S45500 Aerospace, Medical, Industrial, Automotive & Transportation, Defense Surgical instruments, orthopedic equipment, spinal equipment, dental equipment, drivers, distractors, shafts, rocket engine thrust, chambers, fasteners Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

Custom 465

Good tensile strength, good fracture toughness, good fabricability, excellent resistance to corrosion cracking

Custom 465 is a premium, double vacuum-melted, martensitic age-hardeneable stainless steel alloy that combines excellent strength, toughness, and corrosion resistance. It is popular in many industries due to its low life cycle cost.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5936, AMS 5617, ASTM A564, ASTM F899, ASTM A564 Aerospace, Medical, Energy, Industrial, Automotive & Transportation, Defense Actuators, flap tracks, landing gear components, slat tracks, torque tubes, marine equipment, firearms Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

420 F

Hardeneable, high strength, high hardness, high wear resistance, high machinability

420 F is a martensitic stainless steel alloy that is melted as AOD. It is a variation of the 420, with the addition of sulfur. This drastically improves the machinability of the 420F. It can be used in similar end applications than as the 420, but it performs better where good machining is a necessity.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5620, ASTM A528, QQ-S-764, ASTM A895 Aerospace, Medical, Industrial, Automotive & Transportation Cutlery, pump shafts, dental and surgical equipment, gears, pinions, cams, steel balls, hand tools Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

440 A

High corrosion resistance, high wear resistance, high hardness, magnetic

The 440A is a AOD melted, high carbon martensitic stainless steel. It is developed to provide stainless properties, along with optimal hardness.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
AMS 5631, AMS-QQ-S763, ASTM A276, ASTM F899, QQ-S-763 Aerospace, Medical, Industrial, Defense Dental and surgical instruments, cutlery, cutting tools, blades Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

440 C

High hardness, high strength, good corrosion resistance, high heat resistance, great machinability

440C is the stainless steel in the 400 series family with the highest carbon content. The 440C is a martensitic stainless steel. The high carbon content in the 440C is responsible for its strength properties.

Specs Markets Applications Forms
ASTM A314, ASTM A473, ASTM A493, ASTM A580, ASTM A756, AMS 5618, AMS 5630, AMS 5880 QQ-S-763, Aerospace, Medical, Industrial, Defense, Automotive & Transportation Rolling element bearings, valve seats, high quality knife blades, surgical equipment, chisels Bar, Rectangular Bar, Plate, Tubing, Angle, Wire, Sheet, Strip, Coil, Profile, Extrusion

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